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Analyse expérimentale de la propagation de fissures dans des tôles minces en al-li par méthodes de champs

Abstract : This work concerns tensile tests carried out on notched Aluminum-Lithium specimens, with in-situ observations of the strain field.Reducing aviation fuel consumption is currently a priority. Al-Li alloys are excellent candidates for reducing weight of aircrafts. They combine very good mechanical properties with a lower density than conventional alloys. However, the mechanical properties of these materials are highly anisotropic, and it is essential to control this phenomenon in order to use the material wisely. To that end, it is necessary to have an enormous amount of information on the material both microstructural (size and shape of grains ...) and mechanical (yield strength, Young modulus, resistance to cracking ...) properties. But the knowledge of these overall mechanical properties is not enough to maximize resistance to cracking (critical in aeronautic application). In this context, this work aims to quantify the influence of local microstructure (orientation and size of grains) on cracking.Crack propagation in 2 mm thick Al-Li sheet metal has been analyzed. Tension test were carried out on deeply notched specimens with optical in-situ observation of the displacement field.Thus, grid method was adapted to determine large strains in the grains. The displacement field was characterized through the deformation of a bonded crossed square grid (path 30 µm), and the parameters affecting the quality of results (resolution and spatial resolution) have been optimized. In order to compensate the rigid body motion, a new automatic image acquisition system leading to small strains between each image have been developed. A new phase extraction method has been introduced allowing a temporal phase unwrapping.
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Rébécca Berge-Gras. Analyse expérimentale de la propagation de fissures dans des tôles minces en al-li par méthodes de champs. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011EMSE0623⟩. ⟨tel-00716429⟩

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