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Implication de la sous-unité °4 des canaux calciques voltage dépendants dans la régulation de l'expression génique

Abstract : Voltage dependent calcium channels (VDCC) participate to various cellular processes such as neurotransmitters release, muscular contraction or gene expression regulation. VDCC are composed of a pore-forming subunit (alpha1 or Cav), that allows Ca2+ to enter the cells associated with auxiliary subunits, alpha2delta, beta and gamma. My thesis studies on a new signaling pathway in which the beta4 subunit of VDCC couples neuronal excitability to transcription. In particular it focuses on the understanding of the beta4 nuclear translocation determinants and the mechanisms of gene expression regulation by this VDCC subunit. beta4 translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus is observed during neuronal differentiation. This translocation depends on beta4 structural integrity and more precisely on interaction between the beta4 SH3 (Src Homology 3) and GK (Guanylate Kinase) domains. beta4 nuclear translocation is conditioned by its association with a partner: the regulatory subunit of phosphatase protein 2A (PP2A), B56delta. Membrane depolarization induces beta4 channel uncoupling and association with B56delta. Thus, beta4 migrates to the nucleus in complex with B56delta/PP2A. A study on gene expression generated by microarray was carried on to compare profiles of gene expression in lethargic (lh) mice, considered as spontaneous beta4 KO with wild-type (WT) mice cerebellum. This study proved the influence ofbeta4 on the repression and the activation of certain genes. Particularly, beta4 strongly represses tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) gene expression. In the nucleus, beta4 interacts with a transcription factor: the thyroid hormone receptor alpha (TR alpha). This association allows beta4/B56delta/PP2A complex to target the TH gene promoter as shown by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) experiments. This complex is also able to associate itself with histones and dephosphorylate Ser10 histone H3 in the TH gene promoter. This chromatin modification is correlated with HP1 gamma (Heterochromatin Protein 1 gamma) recruitment in the TH gene promoter. HP1 gamma is known to promote heterochromatin formation that could explain the TH gene repression by beta4. Thus, in lh mice cerebellum, the absence of beta4 triggers a complete disorganization of this signaling pathway that results in the up-regulation of the TH gene. R482X, the human mutation inducing the C-terminus domain deletion of beta4 and responsible for a form of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy prevents beta4 nuclear localization. In fact, the mutant beta1-481 unable to associate with B56delta/PP2A and to migrate to the nucleus does not interact with HP1gamma and histones. The signaling pathway allowing gene regulation by beta4 is prevented by the mutant. Thus, beta4 does not play a confined role in the cytoplasm as CCVD auxiliary subunit but also functions in the nucleus as a gene expression regulator.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 10, 2012 - 1:52:30 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 25, 2022 - 9:41:34 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, October 11, 2012 - 5:10:10 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-00716335, version 1



Katell Fablet. Implication de la sous-unité °4 des canaux calciques voltage dépendants dans la régulation de l'expression génique. Autre [q-bio.OT]. Université de Grenoble, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENV052⟩. ⟨tel-00716335⟩



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