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Effet de la végétation sur la mobilité de l’arsenic dans la rhizosphère.

Abstract : The pollution of soils with Arsenic (As) is an increasing environmental concerns in several countries in the world: USA, Canada, Mexico, China, Vietnam and France. Recently, the emergence of green technologies sush as “phytoremediation” is considered an attractive soil remediation strategy due to its low cost and soil preservation. For this reason, the understanding of interactions between plants and As at the soil-root interface is necessary in order to accelerate phytoremediation implementation and to test its effectiveness. Hence the aim of this work was to study the effect of four plant species Holcus lanatus, Dittrichia viscosa, Plantago lanceolata and Lotus corniculatus on As mobility in a natural As contaminated soil (up to 2000 mg kg-1). First, we compared and characterized the tolerance behaviour of the four selected species to As and their accumulation capacity in hydroponic and in natural soil conditions. Then, the study of As mobilization in the rhizosphere was conducted by using two approaches "rhizopot-rhizons” and "root mat”. We identified by the “rhizopot-rhizons” approach, some interesting correlations between As and the monitored parameters (NO3-, SO42-, Ca, Mg, P, pH, COD) over the vegetative growing period. We observed several processes affecting As mobilization in the rhizosphere (alkalization / acidification, anionic competition ...). The advantage of this approach is that the plants have grown normally without growth substrate pretreatment (artificial contamination, addition of nutrient solutions ...).Whereas, the "root mat" approach allowed the identification of some organic anions in the root system of P. lanceolata and highlighted the role of phosphorus on As mobilization due mainly toto the easy roots collection at the end of experiment.
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Carole Obeidy. Effet de la végétation sur la mobilité de l’arsenic dans la rhizosphère.. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011EMSE0608⟩. ⟨tel-00715910⟩

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