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Experimental study of third (HFC) and fourth generation (HFO) refrigerants during flow boiling in singularities

Abstract : The refrigerant charge reduction in HVAC\R systems is an important issue because it falls within environmental policies regarding refrigerants contributions to the greenhouse effect. A way to move toward charge reduction is to increase the compactness of heat exchangers, which means more complex designs of the evaporators. Nevertheless, while a large amount of studies have has been published on the thermal and hydraulic analysis of flow boiling of refrigerants in horizontal tubes, very little attention has been given to flow boiling in geometries different from straight tubes. This PhD thesis aims at studying the flow boiling characteristics of third generation (HFC) and fourth generation fluids such as HFO-1234yf in geometries which modify the fluid dynamics and two-phase flow with respect to horizontal straight tubes. To achieve this goal, an experimental test facility was specifically designed and built to conduct refrigerant evaporation experiments. This test facility allowed to perform flow regimes visualizations and pressure drop measurements in singularities (such as sudden contractions and return bends). First, two-phase flow regimes visualizations have been carried out using HFO-1234yf, R-134a and R-410A either in straight tubes or in singularities. A qualitative analysis of the flow behavior and also several comparisons to flow pattern prediction methods from the literature were conducted. The second objective of this work was to characterize the flow disturbances caused by singularities such as sudden contractions and return bends, and to study their effects on the hydrodynamic performance (e.g. pressure drop) of refrigerants.Lastly, pressure drop databases for third and fourth generation refrigerants are presented.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00715788
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Submitted on : Monday, July 9, 2012 - 11:47:35 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 24, 2021 - 11:48:02 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, October 10, 2012 - 2:30:32 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00715788, version 1

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Miguel David Padilla Gomez. Experimental study of third (HFC) and fourth generation (HFO) refrigerants during flow boiling in singularities. Other. INSA de Lyon, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011ISAL0121⟩. ⟨tel-00715788⟩

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