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Contribution à l’étude du comportement mécanique de composites textile-mortier : application à la réparation et/ou renforcement de poutres en béton armé vis-à-vis de l’effort tranchant

Abstract : This research focuses on repairing and strengthening concrete structures with composite materials. In this particular domain, carbon-epoxy composites are of considerable interest, but still room for improvement. The main objective of this thesis is to show alternatives to these composites, such as Textile Reinforced Concrete (TRC). Feasibility, performances and behavior of this alternative composite are examined. An experimental and analytical approach, at the micro-, meso- and macroscopic scale are conducted, notably thanks to the technique of digital image correlation for in-plane displacement measurement. Regarding the study of the material, a rather handy, reliable and efficient procedure of a direct tensile test was designed and validated. To enable a better understanding of the TRC behavior, 98 different TRC configurations were tested thanks to this procedure. The links between local mechanisms and macroscopic scale behavior were notably studied. Finally, key levers for optimizing the TRC were determined. On the structural level, a study was conducted on 11 beams shear strengthened by bonding of prefabricated plates or by contact molding. It shows that TRC solutions compare favorably with carbon-epoxy composites. Also, the local behavior was thoroughly assessed, notably the change of forces carried by the composite material and the truss model validity. A multi-cracking or pull-out behavior of the TRC was put forward depending on its application process
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Submitted on : Friday, July 6, 2012 - 2:12:22 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00715159, version 1

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Raphaël Contamine. Contribution à l’étude du comportement mécanique de composites textile-mortier : application à la réparation et/ou renforcement de poutres en béton armé vis-à-vis de l’effort tranchant. Autre. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011LYO10271⟩. ⟨tel-00715159⟩

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