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Synthèse de nouveaux solides microporeux à base de silice en présence de structurants organiques originaux

Abstract : The synthesis of zeolitic materials is ruled by numerous parameters, particularly the nature of the heteroelement associated with silicon and of the organic structure-directing agent (SDA). The introduction of germanium into the synthesis gels and the use of imidazole-derived SDAs, the cations 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium, allowed us to discover two new microporous solids named IM-16 and IM-20 and exhibiting novel framework structures (respectively UOS and UWY). Furthermore, a third porous germanosilicate named IM-17 was obtained in the presence of the decamethonium cation. Each of these materials possesses a three-dimensional channel system with 8- and 10-ring pores (IM-16) or 10- and 12-ring pores (IM-17 and IM-20), as well as double-4-ring (d4r) composite building units in their framework. Finally, an important part of this work was dedicated to the elaboration of original SDAs (decahydro-dicyclopenta[b,d]pyrrole derivatives) and their use in hydrothermal synthesis. This led to the synthesis of several known zeolites such as IM-12 (UTL), ITQ-7 (ISV), ITQ-17 (BEC) and ITQ-21.
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Mathias Dodin. Synthèse de nouveaux solides microporeux à base de silice en présence de structurants organiques originaux. Autre. Université de Haute Alsace - Mulhouse, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010MULH5273⟩. ⟨tel-00714247⟩

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