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Adieu Yalta ? La France, la détente et les origines de la Conférence sur la Sécurité et la Coopération en Europe, 1965 – 1975

Abstract : From 1965, the USSR sought to take advantage of the French policy of détente launched by General de Gaulle towards the Warsaw Pact’s countries to set the borders in Europe and to obtain Western acknowledgment of the Soviet control over Eastern Europe. But France was in favour of a détente which would lead to overcome bipolarity created by the Cold War ; it did want to confirm the European political and territorial status quo. From 1969, France gradually decided to use the conference project to point out its vision of Europe: the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe had to promote the coming together of peoples of the whole continent and to encourage each nation to speak with its own particular voice, outside military alliances.When thirty-three European countries, the United States and Canada met, from 1972 to 1975, in order to negociate the Final Act’s content, the French and their European Community partners tried to make the conference a multilateral continuation of the Gaullist policy of détente.From this perspective, they first made sure that borders could be changed by peaceful means: it was crucial to reserve the German people’s right to be reunified. They also acted to make the CSCE facilitate cultural cooperation and movement of persons between East and West. According to President Georges Pompidou, the main goals were to transmit the « freedom virus » to the communist countries and to drive a wedge into the bipolar system.
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Nicolas Badalassi. Adieu Yalta ? La France, la détente et les origines de la Conférence sur la Sécurité et la Coopération en Europe, 1965 – 1975. Histoire. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA030143⟩. ⟨tel-00713652⟩

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