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Territorialisation des espaces océaniques hauturiers. L'apport de la navigation à voile dans l'Océan Atlantique

Abstract : Mythical space filled with legends, complex changing physical space, the ocean is subject to geopolitical issues and a gradual extension of use by men pioneering both on the surface and the great depths. The increasing territorialisation of maritime areas, more and more common in coastal seas, takes a particular perspective on the offshore seas because of its vastness and its ephemerality. To analyze this regionalization process, we focus on sailing in the Atlantic Ocean, both a leisure and professional practice. This practice offers an interesting aspect due to the special relationship between human beings, their boat and the ocean and due to the duality between tradition and technology. The late twentieth and the twenty-first century is a turning point where the way we look at the ocean is likely to change.Moreover, it lies within an increasing mobility phenomenon of societies, searching or not for speed, and demonstrates the increasing reticularity (networkness) of this space, also linked to globalisation. We will try to define the concept of territory in the high seas and to distinguish the existence of « maritories ». The knowledge of the transatlantic routes allows to define Atlantic centralities, peripheries and margins. They represent territorialised network putting into relation the different places where the identity of the sailors can be revealed. Along these routes some « itinerant »seascape, marks, spatial and temporal discontinuities, rituals and représentations are built, creating a possibility to structure the Atlantic Ocean.
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Camille Parrain. Territorialisation des espaces océaniques hauturiers. L'apport de la navigation à voile dans l'Océan Atlantique. Géographie. Université de La Rochelle, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LAROF031⟩. ⟨tel-00713524⟩

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