La poésie française moderne (Baudelaire, Rimbaud, Lautréamont) et son influence sur la nouvelle poésie chinoise dans les années 1920-1930

Abstract : This piece of research concerns the modern French poetry and its impact on the new Chinese poetry in the first period of introduction and interpretation of modern Western literature in the 1920s and early 1930s in China. We seek to demonstrate how the “Trois Grâces” of the modern French poetry: Baudelaire, Rimbaud and Lautréamont were introduced in China and what is their influence on the development of the new Chinese poetry. Thus, we will show first how Baudelaire, Rimbaud and Lautréamont express the “culte du moi” and the “culte du Beau” by their poetry and their game of depersonalization and pluralisation of the self. Next, we shall examine the influence of Western literature on the construction of the new Chinese literature in the 1920s; the introduction and interpretation of the French symbolist poetry and its influence on the theoretical level as well as practical on the new Chinese poetry and Chinese Symbolist poets: Li Jinfa, Mu Mutian, Wang Duqing and Dai Wangshu. Finally, we shall show the case of Lautréamont in China, his absence in the years 1920-1930 and the state of “Lautréamontienne” research in China in the last three decades. Our thesis concludes therefore by showing the “Trois Grâces” of the new Poetry do not have all the same prestige with the Chinese poetic world in the years 1920-1930 and its interpretation of modern French poetry does not lead to adoption of a whole attitude of poetic creation of the modern French poetry, but to a transformation from a poetic dynamism imposed by outside impact to a intern creative dynamism of Chinese poetry, corresponding to the clear intentions guided by the system of literary and moral value of Chinese literary translators and interpreters of different ages.
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Zheng Xiang. La poésie française moderne (Baudelaire, Rimbaud, Lautréamont) et son influence sur la nouvelle poésie chinoise dans les années 1920-1930. Littératures. Ecole normale supérieure de lyon - ENS LYON, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENSL0684⟩. ⟨tel-00713100⟩

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