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Walter Benjamin et la sécularisation

Abstract : This doctoral thesis gives a coherent reading of the theory of art and the political theory of Walter Benjamin, and it shows his idea of secularization is decisive. By reading of Critique of the violence, the first chapter clarifies the meta-physics of the right according to which in the modernity, the right is dialectically produced by the violence. This production is based on the sacralisation of the life as transfer of the theological to the politics. What Benjamin wants is the rupture of dialectic of right and violence. He clarifies all the violence is haunted by its dissolution during its exercise. The second chapter clarifies the indissociability of the question of right and the question of art or language in Benjamin : in the modernity, the language or the art work becomes indissociable from the knowledge, which is the judgment by a exterior law. Refusing the romantic sacralisation of the art work, Benjamin finds in the Trauerspiel what ends the dialectic of right and violence. The secularization is then redefined as absolute exclusion of the theological from the politics. The third chapter clarifies Benjamin’s sight on the double movement of the modernity: the transfer of the theological in the politics and the exclusion of the theological from the politics. What Benjamin clarifies is that the modern art work is likely to favour this exclusion and give the transcendent back to its transcendent place. The postmodernity without the transcendent permits to meet the transcendent as the other.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 26, 2012 - 1:08:00 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 8, 2020 - 5:27:30 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00712074, version 1



Ryohei Kageura. Walter Benjamin et la sécularisation. Philosophie. Université de Strasbourg, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012STRAC001⟩. ⟨tel-00712074⟩



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