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Analyse et simulation de la mise en forme des renforts de composites NCF

Abstract : Due to their specific geometry, made of overlapping layers of unidirectional plies of continuous fibres, linked by more or less complex stitching, non-crimp fabric (NCF) reinforcements have advantageous combination of properties. These properties enable the use of process in production such as RTM process and allow the full use of stiffness characteristics of the fibres in the final part. Thus, these reinforcements find applications in different areas of composites industry. The plies of juxtaposed parallel fibres are bound by a tricot or a chain stitching with a lead. This link leads to different properties of the NCF compared to those of a woven reinforcement where the warp and weft yarns are linked by the interweaving. Therefore, deformation kinematics of dry NCF reinforcements might be different. In this research work, we first carry out an experimental study on deformation mechanisms occurring during elementary tests and a drawing experiment. Several non-crimp fabrics and an interlock fabric are studied. Then, we introduce a new model for the simulation of the dry composite reinforcement preforming. This approach involves a semi discrete Lagrangian finite element to represent the plies and a truss element to represent the stitching. This model requires a specific contact algorithm to handle the relation between the finite elements. A Coulomb law with a friction threshold is used. Finally, the model is validated using the bias extension test and the preforming on a hemisphere is simulated and compared to the experiment.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00711035, version 1

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Sylvain Bel. Analyse et simulation de la mise en forme des renforts de composites NCF. Autre. INSA de Lyon, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ISAL0119⟩. ⟨tel-00711035⟩

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