Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

L'intervention de l'expert psychiatre dans les affaires criminelles : de la production d'un discours à sa participation au jugement : Grand-Duché de Luxembourg et France

Abstract : In theory, the psychiatric expert is called in a trial in order to estimate the defendant's penal responsibility. But, we argue, he has instead become responsible for judging their level of dangerousness. Does dangerousness expertise tend to replace responsibility expertise? In order to answer this question, we studied experts’ functions in criminal affairs in Luxemburg and in France. The intervention, now systematic in this type of jurisdiction, is embodied in written and oral discourse. In acknowledging the importance of language in judiciary and psychiatric fields, this work is based on discourse analysis. We studied the spoken aspect of expertise and justice. The first part of this study focuses on how experts produce discourse for the judiciary institution. The second part follows the integration process of expertise into the judgment. Because their spoken testimonies are under surveillance by the judicial institution, experts eventually evaluate neither strictly penal responsibility, nor dangerousness. These discourses, entangled with those of other agents of the proceedings, continue into closing statements, in which the expert takes part in evaluating the defendant's subjective and moral responsibility. This is in order to determine the punishment’s severity, as well which measure to state. From originally providing an outsider’s point of view, apparently removed from those judging criminal responsibility, the expert now takes part in both punishment and treatment of perpetrators.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [91 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00710892
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Thursday, June 21, 2012 - 6:19:20 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, October 25, 2020 - 7:05:53 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, December 15, 2016 - 5:31:56 PM

File

Saetta_SA_bastien.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00710892, version 1

Citation

Sébastien Saetta. L'intervention de l'expert psychiatre dans les affaires criminelles : de la production d'un discours à sa participation au jugement : Grand-Duché de Luxembourg et France. Droit. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012TOU20006⟩. ⟨tel-00710892⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

1839

Files downloads

9985