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Non-linear control and stabilization of VSC-HVDC transmission systems

Abstract : The integration of nonlinear VSC-HVDC transmission systems in power grids becomes very important for environmental, technical, and economic reasons. These systems have enabled the interconnection of asynchronous networks, the connection of offshore wind farms, and the control of power flow especially for long distances. This thesis aims the non-linear control and stabilization of VSC-HVDC systems, with two main themes. The first theme focuses on the design and synthesis of nonlinear control laws based on Variable Structure Systems (VSS) for VSC-HVDC systems. Thus, the Sliding Mode Control (SMC) and the Asymptotic Output Tracking (AOT) have been proposed to provide an adequate degree of stability via suitable Lyapunov functions. Then, the robustness of these commands has been studied in presence of parameter uncertainties and/or disturbances. The compromise between controller’s robustness and the system’s dynamic behavior depends on the gain settings. These control approaches, which are robust and can be easily implemented, have been applied to enhance the system dynamic performance and stability level in presence of different abnormal conditions for different DC link lengths. The second theme concerns the influence of VSC-HVDC control on improving the AC network dynamic performance during transients. After modeling the Single Machine via VSC-HVDC system in which the detailed synchronous generator model is considered, the conventional PI controller is applied to the converter side to act on damping the synchronous machine power angle oscillations. This simple control guarantees the reinforcement of the system dynamic performance and the power angle oscillations damping of the synchronous machine in presence of faults.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00707721, version 1

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Haitham Saad Mohamed Ramadan. Non-linear control and stabilization of VSC-HVDC transmission systems. Other [cond-mat.other]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112046⟩. ⟨tel-00707721⟩

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