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Approches hyperélastiques pour la modélisation du comportement mécanique de préformes tissées de composites

Abstract : Simulating the preforming stage of RTM-like fabric-reinforced composites manufactoring processes is a major stake for industries which use such materials. During such processes, the woven preform often undergoes finite deformations. Simulation methods are then required to optimize the conception of composites parts formed by RTM. An analysis of the mechanical behaviour of woven preforms at mesoscale is first presented. A transversely isotropic hyperelastic behaviour law is developped in order to describe the mechanical behaviour of each deformation mode of the yarn : elongation in the direction of fibres, compaction and distorsion in the transverse plane and along-fibres shear. An identification method is set up for this behaviour law which allows to compute its parameters by use of simple experimental tests on the yarn and on the fabric. The behaviour law is then validated by comparizon between simulations ans experimental tests. An analysis of the mechanical behaviour of interlock woven preforms at macroscale is the presented. An orthotropic hyperelastic behaviour law is developped and implemented as an extension of the behaviour law for the yarn. A phenomenological approach is also used to describe the mechanical behaviour of each deformation mode of the preform. An identification method is set up and put into place, based on tests well known in the field of fabric reinforcements : tensile test, crushing test, bias extension test, flexure test. A hemispherical stamping simulation is set up and compared to experiment for validation purpose.
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Adrien Charmetant. Approches hyperélastiques pour la modélisation du comportement mécanique de préformes tissées de composites. Autre. INSA de Lyon, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ISAL0149⟩. ⟨tel-00706212⟩

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