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Reliable and time-constrained communication in wireless sensor networks

Fei Yang 1
1 A4RES - Autonomic Advanced & Applied Architectures for wiREless networks & Systems
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon, CITI - CITI Centre of Innovation in Telecommunications and Integration of services
Abstract : Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are composed of a large number of battery-powered sensor nodes that have the ability to sense the physical environment, compute the obtained information and communicate using the radio interfaces. Because sensor nodes are generally deployed on a large and wild area, they are powered by embedded battery. And it is difficult to change or recharge the battery, thus to reduce the energy consumption when sensors and protocols are designed is very important and can extend the lifetime of WSNs. So sensor nodes transmit packets with a lower transmission power (e.g. OdBm). With this transmission power, a packet can only be transmitted dozens of meters away. Therefore, when a sensor detects an event, a packet is sent in a multi-hop, ad-hoc manner (without fixed infrastructure and each sensor is able to relay the packet) to the sink (specific node which gathers information and reacts to the network situation). In this thesis, we first give an elaborate state of the art of WSNs. Then the impacts of duty-cycle and unreliable links or the performances of routing layer are analyzed. Based on the analytical results, we then propose three new simple yet effective methods to construct virtual coordinates under unreliable links in WSNs. By further taking the duty-cycle and real-time constraints into consideration we propose two cross-layer forwarding protocols which can have a greater delivery ratio and satisfy the deadline requirements. In order to have protocols for the WSNs that have dynamic topology, we then propose a robust forwarding protocol which can adapt its parameters when the topology changes. At last, we conclude this thesis and give some perspectives.
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Submitted on : Saturday, June 9, 2012 - 11:47:28 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 8, 2020 - 12:42:42 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00706211, version 1


Fei Yang. Reliable and time-constrained communication in wireless sensor networks. Other. INSA de Lyon, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011ISAL0005⟩. ⟨tel-00706211⟩



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