Sources laser non linéaires accordables dans l'infrarouge et l'ultraviolet pour la métrologie des rayonnements optiques

Abstract : The work presented in this PhD dissertation details the strategy adopted to build two non-linear laser sources that are widely in the mid-infrared and blue-UV spectral ranges. These laser sources are needed for the traceability to SI units of coherent light irradiance measurements using a cryogenic radiometer of the using cryogenic radiometer of the Laboratoire commun de métrologie (LCM) .The infrared laser source is an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) resonating on the pump and signal wavelengths (PRSRO) and employing a periodically poled Lithium Niobate non-linear crystal doped with 5% magnesium oxide (ppMgCLN). The PRSRO is pumped by a single-frequency tunable bow-tie ring cavity Titanium-Sapphire laser (Ti:Al2O3) delivering 500 mW output power at 795 nm wavelength, , resulting in a power oscillation threshold of 110 mW. The PRSRO emission could continuously cover the spectral range from 1 µm to 3.5 µm. The level of output power achieved is of the order of 1 mW for the signal wave (1 µm to 1.5 µm) and between 20 mW and 50 mW for idler wave spanning an octave wavelength range (1.7 µm to 3.5 µm).The UV source based on the second harmonic generation on the Titanium-Sapphire tunable laser using an external enhancement cavity containing a critically phase-matched LBO non linear crystal (LiB3O5). Temperature-tuning of the phase-matching condition at a fixed crystal orientation leads to a wide tunability from 390 nm to 405 nm wavelength. The external cavity optical pathlength was actively locked to the laser frequency using a¨Pound-Drever-Hall servo, allowing to extract up to 6 mW power at 400 nm wavelength with a 480 mW pump power. Despite a perfect mode-matching efficiency, the power performance was limited by the poor nonlinear impedance matching of the resonator, due to both the weak nonlinearity of the crystal and the low incoming laser power.
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Abdallah Rihan. Sources laser non linéaires accordables dans l'infrarouge et l'ultraviolet pour la métrologie des rayonnements optiques. Autre. Conservatoire national des arts et metiers - CNAM, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011CNAM0797⟩. ⟨tel-00705888⟩

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