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Evolution temporelle de douze métaux (V, Cr, Mn, Co, Cu, Zn, Ag, Cd, Ba, Pb, Bi et U) et des isotopes du plomb dans les neiges de la terre de Coats (Antarctique) depuis les années 1830

Abstract : This work shows that it is now possible to get reliable data on the occurrence of numerous heavy metals at ultra low levels in Antarctic snow, by combining ultra clean field sampling and laboratory subsampling procedures and the use of ultra sensitive analytical techniques such as ICP-SFMS and TIMS. It has allowed us to determine concentrations of twelve metals (V, Cr, Mn, Co, Cu, Zn, Ag, Cd, Ba, Pb, Bi et D) and lead isotopic composition in the ultra clean series of snow samples collected at Coats Land, in the Atlantic sector of Antarctica. This work presents a 150 years record of metal inputs from natural and anthropogenic sources to Antarctica from the 1830's to the early 1990's. Lead atmospheric pollution begins as early as the end of the 19th century, peaks during the 1970's-1980's and then faIls sharply during recent decades. Evolution in lead isotopic abundance shows that Pb inputs to Antarctica reflect a complex blend of contributions originating from the Southern part of South America and Australia. For Cr, Cu, Zn, Ag, Bi and D, concentrations in the snow show significant increases from 1950 to 1980. These enhancements which cannot be explained by variations in natural inputs, illustrate that atmospheric pollution for heavy metals linked with anthropogenic activities in the Southern Hemisphere countries such as for example ferrous and non-ferrous metal mining and smelting is really global. Study of the time period 1920-1990, has allowed us to detail short-term (intra and inter annual) heavy metals concentration's changes. The large short-term variability, observed in Coats Land snow, shows the complex patterns of metal inputs to Antarctica, associated for instance to changes in long-range transport processes from mid-latitude to polar zone and to variability in the different natural sources, such local volcanic activity, sea-salt spray or crustal dust inputs.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00704949
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 6, 2012 - 3:34:40 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 25, 2022 - 11:08:44 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, September 7, 2012 - 2:40:24 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00704949, version 1

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Frédéric Planchon. Evolution temporelle de douze métaux (V, Cr, Mn, Co, Cu, Zn, Ag, Cd, Ba, Pb, Bi et U) et des isotopes du plomb dans les neiges de la terre de Coats (Antarctique) depuis les années 1830. Océan, Atmosphère. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 2001. Français. ⟨tel-00704949⟩

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