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Stochastic calculus with respect to multi-fractional Brownian motion and applications to finance

Abstract : The aim of this PhD Thesis was to build and develop a stochastic calculus (in particular a stochastic integral) with respect to multifractional Brownian motion (mBm). Since the choice of the theory and the tools to use was not fixed a priori, we chose the White Noise theory which generalizes, in the case of fractional Brownian motion (fBm) , the Malliavin calculus. The first chapter of this thesis presents several notions we will use in the sequel.In the second chapter we present a construction as well as the main properties of stochastic integral with respect to harmonizable mBm.We also give Ito formulas and a Tanaka formula with respect to this mBm. In the third chapter we give a new definition, simplier and generalier of multifractional Brownian motion. We then show that mBm appears naturally as a limit of a sequence of fractional Brownian motions of different Hurst index.We then use this idea to build an integral with respect to mBm as a limit of sum of integrals with respect ot fBm. This being done we particularize this definition to the case of Malliavin calculus and White Noise theory. In this last case we compare the integral hence defined to the one we got in chapter 2. The fourth and last chapter propose a multifractional stochastic volatility model where the process of volatility is driven by a mBm. The interest lies in the fact that we can hence take into account, in the same time, the long range dependence of increments of volatility process and the fact that regularity vary along the time.Using the functional quantization theory in order to, among other things, approximate the solution of stochastic differential equations, we can compute the price of forward start options and then get and plot the implied volatility nappe that we graphically represent.
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Joachim Lebovits. Stochastic calculus with respect to multi-fractional Brownian motion and applications to finance. Other. Ecole Centrale Paris, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012ECAP0006⟩. ⟨tel-00704526⟩

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