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Contribution à la génération assistée par ordinateur du tolérancement de fabrication 3D

Abstract : During the realization of the mechanism pieces, the manufacturer must respect the customer geometrical requirements. These requirements arise from functional needs of the mechanism in all its life cycle stages. During the successive operations of manufacturing, with or without material removing, the manufacturer has to define the added geometry requirements in each phase. The combination of these requirements affected by their tolerance must be compared with the functional geometrical requirements. The objective the actual work is to define a method optimizing, in a rational way, the geometrical requirements of the created surfaces. We shall define the geometrical specifications, according to the standard “ISO on 1101”, but the quantification of the tolerance zones will not be approached on this work, other teams have given good results. The 1D method, used in the whole of the group Renault to define process cards, is limited during the reproduction of positioning surfaces directed differently. On the other hand the optimization of the influential specifications retained our interest. The study of the engineering consulting firm method, used for the search of the each pieces specification composing a mechanism, allowed us to make analogy with the manufacturing phases. Indeed the successive manufacturing operation on various posts is similar to temporary assemblies which implement active surfaces whether they are positioning or machined surfaces, existing in this phase. The modeling of the manufacturing process by means of a graphic representation is widely used on the tolerance filed. We developed in our work a model of representation called SPIDER GRAPH. This essentially educational model allows us to show the progress of the algorithm, developed in this these. It emphasizes the succession of links between the various surfaces with intervene in the generation of needed manufacturing specification. Two methods based on the TTRS concept to select all needed surfaces in 3D manufacturing tolerancing are described: « Search of the process links constraining the functional forbidden displacement ». In this method we identified, by referring to the results developed by DESROCHERS, all the possible combinations between simple entities and their tolerance type correspondences. An example of validation is afterward established and a set of geometrical manufacturing specifications were generated. With this previous method we are constrained to treat the surfaces that constitute the functional reference system independently, one by one, which is not conform to the standard. What urged us to look for another alternative able to remedy to this problem. « Rational method for 3D manufacturing tolerancing synthesis based on TTRS approach » This method is represented by an algorithm which takes into account the hierarchy of positioning surfaces and the specifications inversions between the reference and the specified surface. During the creation of temporary surfaces, whether they are used for positioning or they are machined, the method allows to generate the appropriate tolerance specification in the considered phase. During the development of this method, we took back the totality of the tolerancing process TTRS cards, developed by CLÉMENT and also the vectorial modelling of these associations’ cases, described by GAUNET. With the relatives positioning parameters rules, we were able to generate at the end of the treatment all the geometrical specifications capable to ensure the respect of the functional geometrical specification. This method insures the traceability of the successive links between the active surfaces during the various manufacturing operations. These links which can be represented on the SPIDER GRAPH will allow determining mathematically or in a probability way the consequence of these various pieces transfer between machines.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00704516
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 5, 2012 - 4:00:32 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:11:13 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00704516, version 1

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Karim Jaballi. Contribution à la génération assistée par ordinateur du tolérancement de fabrication 3D. Automatique / Robotique. Ecole Centrale Paris; École nationale d'ingénieurs de Sfax (Tunisie), 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009ECAP0033⟩. ⟨tel-00704516⟩

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