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Comportement mécanique et rupture des aciers au C-Mn en présence de vieillissement dynamique

Abstract : The dynamic strain aging is manifested especially by the Portevin-Le Chatelier (PLC) phenomenon. It appears in steels around 200°C at quasi static solicitation conditions. In C-Mn steels, it leads to a drop of ductility and of toughness which should be taken into account in the design of safety structures. The thesis aims to model the mechanical behavior of the C-Mn steels taking into account the dynamic strain aging and to predict the ductile fracture of these steels in the presence of the phenomenon. The mechanical behavior of the material studied, a C-Mn steel, was characterized using tensile tests. The KEMC model, which was implemented in the Finite Element program Zébulon, was identified using these tests: the Portevin-Le Chatelier (PLC) effect was correctly simulated on the tensile specimens, the notched specimens and the CT specimens. We showed the importance of boundary conditions in the occurrence of the PLC effect. As far as the ductile fracture is concerned, the application of the Rice and Tracey’s criterion (identified at 20°C) on the notched specimens AE4 showed that the consideration of the dynamic strain aging in the behavior was insufficient to give a good prediction of the fracture. Micromechanical studies of the growth of voids showed that PLC localizations can facilitate the growth and the coalescence of voids. The nominal strain hardening, which depends on the strain hardening and the hardening due to the dynamic strain aging, does not modify the critic growth ratio of voids but the growth rate of voids. We identified a damage model using micromechanical simulations. The parameters of this damage model depend on temperature. The new model gave a better prediction than the Rice and Tracey model on the notched specimens AE4 and it also allowed predicting the drop of toughness on the CT specimens. To improve the prediction of fracture, le damage law must depend on strain rate.
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Huaidong Wang. Comportement mécanique et rupture des aciers au C-Mn en présence de vieillissement dynamique. Autre. Ecole Centrale Paris, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ECAP0022⟩. ⟨tel-00704515⟩

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