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Fonctionnalisation de liaisons C(sp3)-H non activées catalysées par le palladium

Abstract : The direct functionalization of C-H bonds represents an atom- and step-economical alternative to more traditional synthetic methods based on functional group transformation, which often require multi-step sequences. In particular, transition-metal catalysis has recently emerged as a powerful tool to functionalize otherwise unreactive C-H bonds. In this context, we first investigated the extension of a methodology that has been developed in our laboratory for the synthesis of benzocyclobutenes via C(sp3)-H activation, to non aromatic compounds. Substrates have been synthesized in order to be evaluated in the reaction to form cyclobutenes or cyclobutanes. The process was not selective and several by-products were formed via pericylic reactions or rearrangements of the intermediate palladacycle. Our research has also focused on a conceptually new palladium catalyzed β-C-H arylation of carboxylic esters method. The investigations consisted of a complete optimization of the reaction conditions, an evaluation of the scope and elucidation of the mechanism. It was found that this type of [bêta]-arylation is mechanistically related to α-arylation because it involves the formation of a palladium-enolate. Computational studies (DFT calculations, C. Kefalidis et E. Clot) confirmed the proposed mechanism. Our strategy allowed a mild and efficient intermolecular arylation reaction from aryl halides bearing an ortho electronegative group, giving rise to a range of synthetically useful functionalized carboxylic esters such as phenylalanine analogues and new fluorinated building blocks.
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Alice Renaudat. Fonctionnalisation de liaisons C(sp3)-H non activées catalysées par le palladium. Autre. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LYO10175⟩. ⟨tel-00704011⟩

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