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Reconstruction de défauts à partir de données issues de capteurs à courants de Foucault avec modèle direct différentiel

Abstract : Eddy current tomography can be employed to caracterize flaws in metal plates in steam generators of nuclear power plants. Our goal is to evaluate a map of the relative conductivity that represents the flaw. This nonlinear ill-posed problem is difficult to solve and a forward model is needed. First, we studied existing forward models to chose the one that is the most adapted to our case. Finite difference and finite element methods matched very good to our application. We adapted contrast source inversion (CSI) type methods to the chosen model and a new criterion was proposed. These methods are based on the minimization of the weighted errors of the model equations, coupling and observation. They allow an error on the equations. It appeared that reconstruction quality grows with the decay of the error on the coupling equation. We resorted to augmented Lagrangian techniques to constrain coupling equation and to avoid conditioning problems. In order to overcome the ill-posed character of the problem, prior information was introduced about the shape of the flaw and the values of the relative conductivity. Efficiency of the methods are illustrated with simulated flaws in 2D case.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00700739
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 24, 2012 - 9:33:51 AM
Last modification on : Friday, December 21, 2018 - 11:10:24 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00700739, version 1

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Adrien Trillon. Reconstruction de défauts à partir de données issues de capteurs à courants de Foucault avec modèle direct différentiel. Traitement du signal et de l'image [eess.SP]. Ecole Centrale de Nantes (ECN), 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00700739⟩

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