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Insertion d'un dispositif d'enseignement basé sur les Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication " Une approche systémique afin de favoriser le passage de l'intentionnel vers l'opérationnel "

Abstract : Considering the issues inherent in the establishment of an ICT teaching or training program, the aim of our research is to understand the reasons and the rational advanced for or against the effectiveness of using ICT's in teaching and training environments. Our hypothesis is that the complexity of such a system can be apprehended and understood if it is divided into sub-systems, also called axes. These axes, defined against sociological, pedagogical, technological and organizational backgrounds helped us determine the "Specific Expected Effects" (Effets Attendus Spécifiques) and the criteria associated with each axis in a situation of ideal use. Using these criteria we then conducted a survey among ICT system users: teachers, learners and managers of a French engineering school. These field surveys showed that users had a feeling of uncertainty and expectancy rather than attitudes of rejection or resistance. Our study indicates that the success of the system depends primarily on the three partners involved, the institution, the teachers, and the learners as well as on their relationship and their answers to respective questions. We also noticed that the organizational and sociological dimensions were fundamental due to the roles the different groups involved played or were expected to play. These first two dimensions are also prerequisite to any actions or answers given in the pedagogical or technological dimension. Finally, we were able to prove the interdependencies among the axes. Each axis can have either a negative or a positive effect on the Specific Expected Effects of the other axes. This requires the developer of any such system to consider the axes in their entirety when establishing an ICT teaching programme.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00700432
Contributor : André Guyomar <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 23, 2012 - 9:03:41 AM
Last modification on : Monday, November 30, 2020 - 3:11:35 PM
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A. Guyomar. Insertion d'un dispositif d'enseignement basé sur les Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication " Une approche systémique afin de favoriser le passage de l'intentionnel vers l'opérationnel ". Education. Université de Cergy Pontoise, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00700432⟩

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