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Approche multi-échelle de la formation des particules secondaires

Abstract : As part of the study of the evolution of Earth’s climate system, understanding the composition of gaseous and particulate atmospheric matter is a major issue in our understanding of Earth and its atmosphere, its past and its evolution. The secondary aerosols, i.e. formed from nucleation, represents the largest source in a number concentration of atmospheric particles but predicting, where, when and in what proportion these aerosols are formed in the atmosphere are still challenging. It is in this context that this study focused to complete our understanding of the process leading to the formation and growth of atmospheric secondary particles. Investigations conducted from long term field measurements at different altitude sites across Europe have made possible to highlight different vertical speciation of the nucleation process and that this phenomenon seems to be occur two times more frequently at the interface between the planetary boundary layer and the free troposphere than in the low planetary boundary layer. In addition these studies have been able to show that different nucleation path are enhanced according to the altitude, implicant a greater role in the process of formation induced by ions and volatile organic compounds at altitude sites. The contribution of this last family of compounds to the nucleation has also been examinated through numerous experimenal campaigns using reactive system as well as smog chambers experiments. Different behaviors of the new particle formation and nucleation parametrization depending on the chemical nature of the parent compound were pointed out. Finally, numerical studies based on both field and smog chamber experiments were conducted to confirm or explore, different numerical approaches to simulate the new secondary aerosol formation.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 14, 2012 - 1:44:24 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00697022, version 1



Julien Boulon. Approche multi-échelle de la formation des particules secondaires. Sciences de la Terre. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011CLF22159⟩. ⟨tel-00697022⟩



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