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Molecular and cellular bases for the protective effects of dopamine D1 receptor antagonist, SCH23390, against methamphetamine-induced neurotoxicity in the rat brain

Abstract : Methamphetamine (METH) is a potent psychostimulant known to cause cognitive abnormalities and neurodegenerative changes in the brains of METH abusers. One approach for developing therapies for METH abuse is to understand the molecular mechanisms of toxicity of the drug. Investigations in our laboratory and elsewhere have shown that single intraperitoneal injections of METH (30-40 mg/kg of body weight) can cause damage to striatal and cortical monoaminergic systems and induce neuronal apoptosis in the striatum of rodents via activation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondrial death pathways. Hence, the purpose of this thesis was to investigate if toxic binge METH injections can cause ER- and mitochondria-induced stress in the rat striatum. Recent studies have suggested that dopamine (DA) D1 and D2 receptors might mediate neuronal apoptosis in the striatum after single toxic METH doses. We therefore hypothesized that signaling through these two types of DA receptors might activate toxic effects of the binge METH regimen. The role of DA D1 or D2 receptors in METH-induced cell death pathways was thus examined by using pharmacological inhibitors of these receptors. In this dissertation, I report that binge METH regimen caused differential changes in immediate early genes (IEGs) that are known to influence synaptic changes in the brain. METH-induced changed in the expression of the IEGs were dependent on DA D1 receptor stimulation. The second study examined the effects of binge METH on the expression of ER stress- and mitochondrial dysfunction-responsive genes. Pretreatment with the DA D1 receptor antagonist, SCH23390, caused complete inhibition of METH-induced ER and mitochondrial stresses whereas the DA D2 receptor antagonist, raclopride, provided only partial blockade. SCH23390 also blocked METH-induced hyperthermia whereas raclopride failed to do so. Interestingly, both antagonists attenuated METH-induced dopaminergic and serotonergic deficits in the striatum. Moreover, SCH23390 but not raclopride blocked METH-induced serotonergic deficits in cortical tissues. I also found that METH treatment induced upregulation of activin βA mRNA, increased TGF-β and phosphorylated Smad2 proteins in the rat striatum. SCH23390 pretreatment completely blocked all these effects whereas raclopride did not block METH-induced increases in TGF-β expression.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 27, 2012 - 1:07:35 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00691924, version 1

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Geneviève Beauvais. Molecular and cellular bases for the protective effects of dopamine D1 receptor antagonist, SCH23390, against methamphetamine-induced neurotoxicity in the rat brain. Human health and pathology. Université René Descartes - Paris V; National institutes of health (Etats-Unis), 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012PA05P604⟩. ⟨tel-00691924⟩

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