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Biodiversité, reproduction et phylogénie des diatomées bleues du genre Haslea et valorisation de leurs pigments de type marennine

Abstract : The diatom Haslea ostrearia has long been considered as the only organism able to produce a blue pigment called marennine, known for greening oysters’ gills in fattening ponds. Key factors for the triggering of this diatom’s sexual reproduction (auxosporulation) have been evidenced, such as cell concentration, light quality or light conditioning. In the aim of a European project, new species of blue diatoms have been discovered : Haslea silbo sp. nov. from the Canary Islands, Haslea karadagensis sp. nov. from the Black Sea and Haslea provincialis sp. nov. from the Mediterranean Sea. A first molecular phylogeny of the genus Haslea has been made using three markers : ITS1-5.8S-ITS2, rbcL and cox1. Blue diatoms appeared to belong to a distinct cluster inside the genus. Availability of two H. ostrearia populations from France and Sweden, sexually compatibles but bearing differences in their cox1 sequences allowed studying the distribution and inheritance of the mitochondrial DNA during auxosporulation. Moreover, UV-visible spectrophotometry and Raman spectometry have been used for pigments’ characterization. Existence of distinct pigments in the newly described species led to the proposal of a chemotaxonomic classification. Finally, biological activities of marennine and H. karadagensis’ pigments have been studied in regards of their antibacterial and antiviral properties.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00690700, version 1

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Romain Gastineau. Biodiversité, reproduction et phylogénie des diatomées bleues du genre Haslea et valorisation de leurs pigments de type marennine. Sciences agricoles. Université du Maine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011LEMA1017⟩. ⟨tel-00690700⟩

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