Les Nouvelles Traversées Alpines : Entre co-spatialité de systèmes nationaux et recherche d'interspatialité, une géopolitique circulatoire

Abstract : The modern approach of Alpine Crossing was based on the correlation between three processes: acceleration, concentration and exteriorization. It can be interrogated once again at present time. The recent spatial studies of the phenomenon have enclosed it into an addition of partial considerations. This epistemological context reveals the importance of the northern part of Alps. It reinforces the paradox animating the intellectual ground of the Alpine Crossings system: Italy is the spatial common reference of the entire axis but this country is quite not concerned in the scientific literature and the political invention of the technical conditions. The geopolitical context explains partly this situation. Political frame testifies systemof centrality animating Austria and moreover Switzerland. This paradox takes issue to the first pillar of the modern intellectual approach of the phenomenon, exteriorization. If nodal points associated to the crossing can be identified from Mannheim to Rotterdam, this study focus into the borders of the alpine states. The technical ground and the research of reticular continuities, takes sense in a special political frame characterized by a movement of reinteriozation. Basis tunnels and transport liberalization into alpine area give new functionalities to former crossing nodal points. This new nodogenesis interrogates the idea of cancellation encpsuled in “New Alpine Crossings” era. Acceleration brought by the basis tunnels doesn't product exteriorization and concentration. New itinerary doesn't cancel the former ones. Lötschberg basis tunnel is managed together with the mountain line. It should be the same with Gothard and Brenner axis. Basically, the question of the vertical organization of crossing logics is asserted in a context of itineraries' split. Reinteriozation, itineraries' split, acceleration appears as the new tryptic of the Alpine Crossings. Novelty issue is to question the modern inherited meaning. First of all, Alpine Crossings remain an addition of national systems going to interspatiality increasing performance. Intermediation appears as a new territorial configuration, which could be illustrated by Italian lower valleys. This area was considered as an in-between space, but reinvents now the notion of piedmont. Novelty maybe found into this new territorial context.
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Kevin Sutton. Les Nouvelles Traversées Alpines : Entre co-spatialité de systèmes nationaux et recherche d'interspatialité, une géopolitique circulatoire. Histoire. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENA026⟩. ⟨tel-00689249⟩

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