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Performance evaluation of optical packet switching technology : access control, resource allocation and QoS management for metropolitan and access networks

Abstract : The rapid growth in client application demands, in terms of bandwidth and (QoS), has motivated the deployment of the optical technology at Metro Access and Metro Core Networks. More diverse and more intelligent optic devices are required for efficiently management of huge capacity in the network. The explosion in demand for network bandwidth is mainly due to the growth in data traffic whose nature is also becoming more and more complex. In general, most of service-based traffics are transported in networks which are now being dominated by the optical switching technology. Nevertheless, such technology has some drawbacks such as inflexible and non-scalable properties. (OPS), which offers significant benefits in terms of both network efficiency and control scalability, may overcome these limitations. This has motivated the orientation from optical circuit switching to optical packet switching in the future network infrastructure. In reality, optical packet switching ring (OPSR) networks, which combine the packet switching technology with the well-known advantages of ring topology such as fast service restoration in cases of failure and high gain of statistical traffic multiplexing over the ring, appear to be the technology of choice for the next generation of Metro Area Networks. A new OPSR architecture which is based on the all-optical infrastructure that offers intelligent features with lower cost while maximizing processing time and is now considering being replaced existing opto-electronic architectures such as Resilient Packet Ring, have been presented in the scope of the dissertation. The key element of such network is Packet Optical Add/Drop Multiplexer (POADM) which is implemented inside a ring node, allowing the node to exploit the optical transparency. This dissertation hence focuses on the performance evaluation of the new generation of OPSR network. In this dissertation, we have investigated the performance analysis (in terms of packet delay and queue-length distribution of access nodes) of an optical synchronous bus-based metropolitan network supporting fixed-size packets. We have modeled each access node by an embedded discrete time Markov chain (EDTMC). The solution of the EDTMC allows us to compute the approximate probability that access nodes on the bus “see” free slots in the transit line. Using a recursive analysis technique, we approximately outline the mean waiting time of client packets coming from the upper layer as well as an approximate queue-length distribution of local buffers at access nodes in two cases: with and without QoS guarantees. To characterize the performance of an asynchronous OPSR network, we have evaluated the impact of Optical fixed-Size Packet Creation on the network performance without and with different quality of services (QoS) requirements. Performance analysis of such systems has allowed us to identify a reasonable combination of some parameters (timeslot duration, timer expiration values, profile of client traffic and network load) which may be able to improve the bandwidth utilization of the network for a given traffic matrix. The most important point that we have mentioned in the dissertation is the comparison of two architectural approaches: Variable Length – Optical Packet Format (VL-OPF) model supporting empty packets versus Fixed Length – Optical Packet Format (FL-OPF) model. In addition to CoS-Upgrade Mechanism (CUM) which is proposed to improve the filling ratio of the optical container, we have proposed a novel mechanism named Dynamic CoS-Upgrade Mechanism (DCUM) where timers are dynamically changed according to the state of the local buffer of network nodes and the traffic circulating in the network, in order to create containers with a high filling ratio while limiting the time needed for their creation.
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Tuan Dung Nguyen. Performance evaluation of optical packet switching technology : access control, resource allocation and QoS management for metropolitan and access networks. Other [cs.OH]. Institut National des Télécommunications, 2010. English. ⟨NNT : 2010TELE0023⟩. ⟨tel-00688808⟩

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