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Porous calcium phosphate based nanovectors for growth factor release

Abstract : Calcium phosphates are the most frequently used ceramics for bone regeneration due to their biocompatibility and favorable resorption properties. Their performance can however be improved if they are associated to growth factors. In order to control the release of growth factors, we have inted to synthesize calcium phosphates with controlled mesoporosity. This thesis represents the first work that combines mesoporous calcium phosphates with the growth factors TGF and VEGF. To obtain hydroxyapatite with controlled mesoporosity, we propose new synthesis pathways: the hydroxyapatite is synthesized inside the porosity of silica or carbon templates by infiltration of aqueous precursor solutions. The template is eliminated by chemical etching with NaOH (silica template) or by selective oxidation (carbon template). Six ceramics have been chosen for the analysis of their protein adsorption and release properties. First, the experimental protocol is defined using the model proteins BSA and Cytochrom C. Then, the growth factors TGF and VEGF have been used. By this study, we were able to determine which samples were the most efficient in terms of protein adsorption and release.
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Janina Möller. Porous calcium phosphate based nanovectors for growth factor release. Other. Université de Haute Alsace - Mulhouse, 2010. English. ⟨NNT : 2010MULH3224⟩. ⟨tel-00685006⟩

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