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Theses

Nanoparticules d’or thermosensibles : propriétés optiques en solution et comportement à l’interface

Abstract : In this thesis, the objective is to control the polymer-grafted gold nanoparticles optical properties (SPR) by tuning the protecting polymer shell structural properties. Gold nanoparticles grafted with thermosensitive polymers with a large range of molecular masses and different degrees of hydrophobicity are synthesized by “grafting-to” technique. SANS is employed to characterize the protecting polymer shell structural properties. The absorption spectra are modeled using the Mie Dipolar theory. It is shown that the gold nanoparticle sensitivity to external solvent is progressively reduced with increasing polymer volume fraction of the nanocomposite until the SPR is frozen by the polymer shell. In this case, the SPR mode becomes insensitive to the dielectric properties of the solvent. SPR is also red-shifted (a color change occurs) by thermally inducing the collapse of the polymer shell. The temperature and the extent of the red-shift are controlled by the graft polymer hydrophobicity and salinity. An important part of this thesis is also dedicated to the polymer-protected gold nanoparticles behaviour at the air-water interface. The Langmuir balance technique is used to build interfacial layers whose interparticle distance is modulated by compression, polymer graft chain length and temperature. The interfacial layer structural properties are determined by studying both the polymer graft layer conformation and the gold core organization with neutron and X-ray reflectivities. These reflectivitity measurements also enable us to evaluate and ameliorate the surface layers stability for a better control of the interparticle distance that is important for optimizing the SPR of the surface layer.
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Cynthia Said-Mohamed. Nanoparticules d’or thermosensibles : propriétés optiques en solution et comportement à l’interface. Other. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112235⟩. ⟨tel-00684389⟩

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