Requalifier les stations touristiques contemporaines : une approche des espaces publics. Application à Gourette et Seignosse-Océan

Abstract : In response to evidence of Fordist aging resorts built ex nihilo in France between the years1960-1970, this doctoral work in urban planning posses the question of their reclassification. In this disciplinary and professional field, analysis of the urban image of tourist destinations has not yet been carried out. The scale of micro territorial apprehension is preferred here, in order to decipher the common methods of their structures and representations. We observed how the development and management of public spaces contributes to the image and reputation of locations, while proposing a tool for reflection and development of regeneration projects. In these resort 'islands' cut off from existing traditional housing, the low proportion of permanent residents has given a voice to the main stakeholders: the "tourists", usually kept out of the consultation process of urban design. At the crossroads of research in urban planning and tourism, the main focus has been on to stress these temporary inhabitants' representations of the public spaces which they are living in and keep them active in return. More specifically, the objective of this research is to reveal, by a photographic investigation, the micro territorial markers identified by tourists, on which the redevelopment projects could, if necessary, be supported. Using "free" categorisation of over one hundred and thirty images, these enquiries were conducted on an experimental basis in a coastal resort (Seignosse-Ocean) and in a mountain resort (Gourette). These destinations are addressed by a transversal approach that seeks to better understand the challenges of restructuring through the interplay between design (urban planning terms) and receipt (tourist representations). What are the emblematic urban spaces? How do we envision their development and direction? What place for pedestrians in these resorts that have left the spotlight to motorized traffic? These questions have emerged in this research focus on the characterisation of aging and identification of the issues of reclassifying these destinations that are now in their fifties.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 2, 2012 - 11:47:29 AM
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Emeline Hatt. Requalifier les stations touristiques contemporaines : une approche des espaces publics. Application à Gourette et Seignosse-Océan. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00683463⟩

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