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Développement d’un modèle de simulation 3D d’impact de vagues en zones côtières et offshores

Abstract : The aim of the thesis is thus to improve the field validity for the CFD(Computational Fluid Dynamics) code for waves modelling, by integrating new numerical methods more efficient. The project should eventually lead to make a powerful simulation tool that can be used for forecasting the impact of waves in coastal areas and offshore. It is therefore completely in line with PRINCIPIA development activities in hydrodynamic with the aim of strengthening its position and support its growth. In this paper, we first focus on the specific problem of numerical diffusion for the convection equation that models the two fluid interface discontinuities. Interface compression methods allowing limiting the interface diffusion problem are presented. The main advantages of these compression methods are that they keep properly the interface and minimize the spurious free surface diffusion which may be beneficial in case of strongly nonlinear motion of the free surface. Moreover, they are easy to implement for problems in two or three dimensions. In the other hand, an improvement of the solver is presented; it concerns the development and validation of the Adams-Bashforth multi-scale time integration method which adjusts the time step depending on the local size cell. The advantage of this method is that it significantly reduces the computation time when small cells are mixed with large cells in the mesh domain. Each cell is assigned with a level of CFL only based on a geometric criterion. The improved model is validated. It is confronted with experimental results of 2D solitary wave breaking on a sloping bottom and the 3D dam break problem over a rectangular obstacle. In both cases, a very satisfactory agreement is found, with a better interface definition with the sharpening method and a significant gain in CPU time with Adams-Bashforth multi-scale time integration method.
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Alioune Nar Sambe. Développement d’un modèle de simulation 3D d’impact de vagues en zones côtières et offshores. Autre. Université de Toulon, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011TOUL0012⟩. ⟨tel-00681270⟩

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