Structure multi-échelle et propriétés physico-chimiques des gels de polymères thermosensibles

Abstract : "Cryopolymerisation" yields macroporous gels named "cryogels". The method was used to synthesise thermosensitive pNIPA based hydrogels. The critical temperature TC corresponding to the volume phase transition was determined by swelling ratio measurements and DSC. The macroporosity (pore size distribution and wall thickness) and its change with temperature, was investigated by two-photon microscopy yielding information at the micrometer scale (a few tenths to tens of micrometers). X-ray scattering (SAXS and WAXS) was used to characterise the multi-scale structure of the gel forming the pore walls. The scattering curves were described analytically. The variation with temperature of the 10 parameters contained in the equation was investigated and discussed. Finally, heterodyne detected transient grating experiments were performed on a bulk pNIPA gel. These measurements allowed the determination of the speed of the ultrasonic wave (at 340 MHz), its attenuation and the thermal diffusion constant in the gel at different temperatures.
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Mohand Chalal. Structure multi-échelle et propriétés physico-chimiques des gels de polymères thermosensibles. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENY047⟩. ⟨tel-00680076⟩

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