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Développement de biopuces dédiées au tri d'échantillons cellulaires

Abstract : This PhD thesis is devoted to conception of a miniaturized system of biochip type able to realize a controlled capture and release of different populations of the blood cells (e.g. lymphocytes). The main objective of the project is to create a potential tool of research, especially in the field of immunology, and medical diagnostics as well, that could perform short-time analyses by using a small sample amount. The approach relies more precisely on fabrication of a DNA matrix and further immobilization of cells through a hybrid molecule composed of an IgG antibody covalently coupled with short oligonucleotide sequence. Synthesis of the conjugated product is developed and demonstrates functional assembly on the micro-platform. Lymphocytes are specifically addressed onto biochip surface and once they are captured, two independent strategies of selective release are proposed. Therefore, immobilized cells are specifically detached either upon enzymatic cleavage of oligonucleotide substrate or physically desorbed by local heating and denaturation of double stranded DNA. The system makes use of Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging (SPRi) to enable real time detection of different biomolecular phenomena in a label-free and high-throughput manner. Accessorily, a particular instrumental approach is developed in order to observe cell capture-release steps directly under optical microscopy. The biochip construction permits to extend its performance to many targets and may be further explored in terms of application to analysis of complex biological samples such as blood.
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Submitted on : Saturday, March 17, 2012 - 10:08:07 AM
Last modification on : Friday, November 4, 2022 - 3:58:05 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, June 18, 2012 - 5:05:18 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-00680029, version 1



Radoslaw Bombera. Développement de biopuces dédiées au tri d'échantillons cellulaires. Autre [q-bio.OT]. Université de Grenoble, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENV065⟩. ⟨tel-00680029⟩



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