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Régulation des la voie mTOR par la phospholipase D dans le muscle squelettique : implication dans le contrôle de la différenciation myogénique et de la taille des myocytes

Abstract : Phospholipase D (PLD) hydrolyzes phosphatidylcholine of cell membranes, releasing the lipid messenger phosphatidic acid. The ability of PLD to affect mTOR signaling pathway, a central actor in the control of muscle tissue, prompted us to study its role in this tissue. My thesis aims at investigating how PLD is involved in myogenic differentiation, and how it regulates muscle mass. We first showed that the mechanism by which PLD controls differentiation of L6 myoblasts involves the activation of the two mTOR complexes (mTORC1 and mTORC2). mTORC2 activates differentiation, probably via its effector PKCalpha, whereas mTORC1 represses differentiation via its effector S6K1, by inducing the phosphorylation of Rictor, a component of mTORC2, and the inhibition of this complex. Besides, we showed that extinction of PLD by RNA interference induces the atrophy of L6 myotubes, and decreases the phosphorylation of the mTORC1 effectors S6K1 and 4E-BP1. Conversely, overexpression of PLD using adenoviral vectors induces the hypertrophy of myotubes and the activation of both mTORC1 pathway and the mTORC2 effector Akt. Furthermore, PLD overexpression attenuates atrophy induced by dexamethasone. These results highlight a hypertrophic and anti-atrophic role of PLD, which could be achieved through stimulation of the mTOR pathway. Our results suggest that PLD is likely to play a key role in skeletal muscle homeostasis, by acting at both the tissue regeneration and mass regulation levels.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00679827
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Submitted on : Friday, March 16, 2012 - 2:07:42 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 8, 2020 - 12:42:24 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00679827, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 330521

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Rami Jaafar. Régulation des la voie mTOR par la phospholipase D dans le muscle squelettique : implication dans le contrôle de la différenciation myogénique et de la taille des myocytes. Sciences agricoles. INSA de Lyon, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ISAL0009⟩. ⟨tel-00679827⟩

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