Abstract : Silicon carbide (SiC) has several exceptional properties as a wide band-gap, a high critical electric field and a high saturation velocity of carriers to replace silicon (Si) in the applications previously inaccessible with Si. A significant number of SiC power devices showing outstanding performances and the commercial availability of SiC devices confirm the maturity of SiC industry and show the SiC technological advances in recent years. However, there are few studies on the ionization coefficients in SiC, which nevertheless essential to accurately predict the breakdown voltage of SiC power devices. This work contributes to better determine these coefficients. For this, numerous diodes which are specifically designed for the determination of ionization coefficients in SiC by using OBIC (Optical Beam Induced Current) technique were realized on different wafers of 4H-SiC and 6H-SiC, two usual polytypes of SiC. This technique relies on an ultraviolet laser beam which generates electron-hole pairs in the space charge region of a diode under test. The resulting current measurement provides access to the ionization coefficients. From OBIC measurements performed on the diodes, we were able to deduce the ionization coefficients for the both polytypes of SiC. In particular, the ionization coefficients for 4H-SiC are determined in a wide range of electric field through measurements on devices with different doping level. The parameters of ionization coefficients determined in this work can be used in design of high voltage devices to predict more accurately the efficiency of periphery protections.