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Theses

L’avatar du Moi : l’évolution théorique de la poétique d’Antonin Artaud

Abstract : The purpose of the present thesis is to redraw Antonin Artaud's theoretical change of the notion of the ego, and to clarify the particular poetics that he established at the end of his life. The 1st part of the thesis focuses his early writings and especially the disease by which he could not think. What is the impossibility to think? For him this disease is only a psychological dysfunction. His disease consists in his incapacity to make, afterward, his internal thought correspond to the exteriorized words. At the time Artaud's ego remained minimized. In 2nd part, it is a matter of the theory of theater that he developed all his life. While his theory remains coherent in the sense that it is always about the relation between the text and the actor. But in the 30s as the text works as a double that haunts the ego of the actor and asked him a particular act, the text is always previous to the actor. On the other hand, in the 40s, Artaud does not accept any more the anteriority of the text with regard to the actor, what makes impossible the theater for the common sense of the term. The 3rd part approaches the hypertrophy of Artaud's ego. But this centrality of the ego is not solipsism because it is only afterward that he can say "everything went out of me". This rétrospectivité allows him to develop his own poetics through the reading of Les Chimères of Nerval where he establishes a new literary subject: subject of reading which dominates afterward the poetic space. This hypertrophy of the ego is not a symptom of the schizophrenia, but a theoretical support in the contemporary poetry, as the sound poetry or literalist poetry.
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Atsushi Kumaki. L’avatar du Moi : l’évolution théorique de la poétique d’Antonin Artaud. Linguistique. Ecole normale supérieure de lyon - ENS LYON, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ENSL0663⟩. ⟨tel-00678315⟩

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