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Domination, institution, et identité : le mouvement Taiping et la Chine du XIXème siècle.

Abstract : The Taiping revolt breaks out in China in 1851 and establishes a self-styled "Christian State" crushed in 1863. The hypothesis basic to this study is the existence of a frame of interpretation for all social events (called a "paradigm", after T. S. Kuhn) used by Chinese gentry and imperial crown to exert and legitimate a domination reproduced through culture through the enforcement of a dominated consciousness among peasants. The first part of the study describes the pre-revolt Chinese society, then deals with the way cultural domination is enacted. The second part describes the revolt, emphasizing the successive interpretations of the Divine Revelation through which, as internal power struggles take place, a new heterodox paradigm is progressively worked out. In the third part, psychology of ritual, ambiguity of symbols used in domination, objective and subjective possibilities of resistance and revolt, importance and limits of religion in dynamics for emancipation are dealt with. Messianism seems to fit particularly well as a "typical paradigm" for dissident social movements in "precapitalist" complex societies. A matrix for the analysis of such movements in three moments drawn from the researches of Laplantine: trance, messianism, utopia, is put forward, and connected with the moments of institution proposed by Lourau. A pattern of evolution is outlined, implying a progressive normalisation of social meanings which leads to the "dogmatisation" of the paradigm. Globally, this study deals with the cultural preconditions for social creativity ("instituting") and its institutionnalisation, in the case of late imperial China. But it is thought that some of the elements put forward could also be found in other cultures.
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Contributor : Gérard H. Gautier <>
Submitted on : Sunday, March 4, 2012 - 5:40:46 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 17, 2019 - 9:47:18 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, June 5, 2012 - 2:21:08 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-00676281, version 1



Gérard Gautier. Domination, institution, et identité : le mouvement Taiping et la Chine du XIXème siècle.. Education. Université Paris VIII Vincennes-Saint Denis, 1992. Français. ⟨NNT : 870338IX⟩. ⟨tel-00676281⟩



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