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Síntese e caracterização estrutural e dielétrica de compostos ferroelétricos Pb1-xRxZr0,40Ti0,60O3 (R = Ba, La)

Abstract : The main objectives of this doctoral thesis were the synthesis and structural characterization of Pb1-xRxZr0.40Ti0.60O3 ferroelectric ceramic samples, with R = Ba and La and x between 0.00 to 0.50. This system was chosen because its interesting physical properties such as high dielectric and piezoelectric constant. These characteristics make it potential candidate for applications such as capacitors in high energy density and actuators. To evaluate the relaxor behavior, the studies were carried out with the change in the composition, type of doping (by atoms of the same or different valence – La or Ba) and the particle size of ceramics, from the micrometer to nanometer scale. Micrometric ceramic samples are prepared by the method of reaction of solid state and sintering in a conventional furnace. The characterization with X-ray diffraction technique of these samples showed a transition from tetragonal phase to a cubic phase with increase of the dopping cation concentration. These changes have been attributed to the appearance of defects caused by the incorporation of La or Ba cations. Electrical measurements were obtained by impedance spectroscopy and showed a electric relaxor behavior from compositions with more than 12 at. % of La and the 30 at. % of Ba for PLZT and PBZT systems, respectively. These measurements for the samples with 12 at. %, 13 at. % and 14 at. % of La and 30 at. % of Ba exhibit a behavior that, according to the literature, is related to a spontaneous phase transition from a relaxor behavior to a normal ferroelectric behsvior. The technique of X-ray diffraction also been used to monitor the phse transition phase as a function of the temperature for PLZT and PBZT samples. It is possible to note the change in a tetragonal structure with P4mm space group to a cubic structure with Pm-3m space group. Concerning the local structure, XANES spectra in the absorption edge of various elements in PLZT and PBZT samples were performed. In the cases of Ti K-edge absorption, the dopping of La and Ba atoms in the PZT structure leads to a decrease of the local disorder in the TiO6 octahedron and it is verified the reduction of static displacement of Ti atom in the center of the TiO6 octahedron. This displacement is lower for samples that show relaxor behavior. The EXAFS measurements in Pb LIII-edge and Zr K-edge were performed and also indicate that local structure around lead or zirconium atoms is also affected by the introduction of La and Ba atoms in the PZT structure. The relaxor behavior was also studied depending on the size of particle size in a nanometer scale. Thus samples PZT, PLZT11 and PBZT10 compositions were prepared using the synthesis method of precursor polymers and the process of sintering by spark plasma. Characterization of these samples by X-ray diffraction shows that the lattice parameters are reduced in comparison with samples of the same composition and micrometer particle size. For PLZT11 composition, it is possible to observe a relaxor behavior by measurement of the dielectric permittivity as a function of the temperature. These changes when the grain size is in a nanoscale are attributed to the grain boundaries, that are responsible for the decrease in the lattice parameters and the appearance of ferroelectric nanodomains
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Submitted on : Monday, February 27, 2012 - 1:32:36 PM
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Alexandre Mesquita. Síntese e caracterização estrutural e dielétrica de compostos ferroelétricos Pb1-xRxZr0,40Ti0,60O3 (R = Ba, La). Other. Université Paris-Est, 2011. Portuguese. ⟨NNT : 2011PEST1103⟩. ⟨tel-00674459⟩



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