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" La parure : traceur de la géographie culturelle et des dynamiques de peuplement au passage Mésolithique-Néolithique en Europe "

Abstract : Multiple scenarios, including a variety of cultural processes and population dynamics, have been proposed to explain the neolithization of Europe. The potential of personal ornaments to reconstruct cultural and population geographies, interactions, boundaries, replacements at this turning point in European prehistory has as yet not been explored. Here we provide the first attempt to extract such information from this category of the archaeological record. In this aim, we performed a detailed first-hand analysis of more than 4000 perforated shells and animal teeth from four archaeological burial sites: three dated to the final Mesolithic (Brana-Arintero, Spain; Hohlenstein-Stadel and Grosse Ofnet, Germany) and one to the Early Neolithic (Essenbach-Ammerbreite, Germany). In addition, we have created a comprehensive georeferenced database of Mesolithic and Early Neolithic personal ornaments used in Europe and submitted it to a spatial and statistical analyses combining GIS, correspondence - and neighbor-joining analyses. Results show a partial continuity of Mesolithic beadtypes and exchange networks in Neolithic societies. The order of magnitude of this continuity varies however according to region. For instance, the Baltic region shows very limited change while the northern Iberian Peninsula shows an almost complete replacement in personal ornament types. Exchange networks may also be either maintained, for example through the Ebro corridor, or abandoned, as in case of the North-South connections between the Mainz Basin and the Swabian Jura that are well documented in the Mesolithic but absent in the Early Neolithic. In contrast to the regional dynamics, partially inherited from the Mesolithic, the Early Neolithic is also characterized by the large-scale diffusion of exclusively Neolithic ornament types, in particular discoid beads and shell bracelets. These Neolithic ornament types occur however in different beadtype configurations according to region. This suggests a partial reconfiguration of the Mesolithic cultural geography during the neolithization process. We conclude that beadtypes and exchange networks contradict replacement theories and rather sustain an integrationist view.
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Contributor : Rigaud Solange Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, February 10, 2012 - 11:00:51 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 24, 2021 - 10:50:03 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, May 11, 2012 - 2:35:37 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-00668694, version 1



Solange Rigaud. " La parure : traceur de la géographie culturelle et des dynamiques de peuplement au passage Mésolithique-Néolithique en Europe ". Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-00668694⟩



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