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Theses

Electrocinétique tridimensionnelle de particules colloïdales en géométrie microfluidique et application à la manipulation de cellules

Abstract : The electrokinetics properties of cells or a particles-cell complex for their individual handling in a microfluidic chip open the way to new applications for lab-on-chip or biomedical research fields. The work presented in this thesis aims to create a new technology of microfluidic chips able to perform 3D electrokinetic contactless handling of colloidal particles. Combined with the microfabrication of multifunctional (Janus) colloidal particles this technological breakthrough allows the study and the control of colloidal particles and cells. An innovative technology of a 3D transparent microfluidic chip that integrates two levels of bi-planar electrodes is developed without any residual layer commonly stacked in microfluidic sealing technology. At the same time, a new type of anisotropic particles (Janus) and multifunctional (fluorescence, functionalized with proteins) are microfabricated by combining colloidal synthesis, microelectronics process and surface functionalization techniques. The understanding and the use of electrokinetic forces that are created by a non-uniform electric field in a colloidal solution confined in this chip enable the access to a new method of determination of the Claussius-Mossotti factor. It is an intrinsic parameter of a colloidal solution that rules the dielectrophoretic force. Its experimental determination, combined with a theoretical analysis of the colloidal solution, defines the parameters of the electric field to apply (frequency, applied voltage) in order to localize, separate or handle in 3D all types of micrometer sized particles (plain, functionalized, dissymmetric). The mixing of particles in cell culture mediums that contain human lines cells creates a particle-cell complex. According to the cellular type, those complexes are characterized by a cell that has internalized particles or is decorated by particles attached on its membrane. Submitted to determined electrokinetic forces, those complexes show dual responses that are controllable on both particles or cell independently. By associating the engineering of colloidal particles and this electrokinetic contactless handling microfluidic technology, local forces can be exerted on cells via those particles.
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Thibault Honegger. Electrocinétique tridimensionnelle de particules colloïdales en géométrie microfluidique et application à la manipulation de cellules. Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENT059⟩. ⟨tel-00668280⟩

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