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Theoretical and experimental investigation on structure, magnetic and conductive properties of conjugated n-containing oligomers

Abstract : The electric conductivity of the emeraldine salt depends on the conditions of its synthesis (solvents and dopants) and post-synthetic treatment. The main objective of the present thesis is to demonstrate and interpret the correlations between the environment and the properties of the conductive form of polyaniline. In order to achieve this goal a new theoretical approach is developed with reference to the experimental data. In the theoretical section, we examine the influence of different dopants and solvents on the structure and properties of polyaniline. To achieve this, a variety of quantum chemistry methods is tested and a proper method is chosen. In the experimental part we use a new method for tuning of the intrinsic polyaniline properties without using solvents or dopants other than those employed in the synthesis. The calculations show that the theoretical description of polyaniline depends strongly on the choice of the method. Modeling the effect of solvent polarity (in this case by the PCM method) seems to be crucial for the reliable description of the interaction polianiline-dopant. The obtained results demonstrate for the first time that interaction of polyaniline with dopants depends on the chemical nature of the solvent and not on the dopant itself. In addition, the stability of the polaronic form (conducting) grows with the increase of solvent polarity. These findings correspond well to our experimental results that show the crucial role of the solvent (and not of the dopants) for the properties of polyaniline.
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Yuliya Romanova. Theoretical and experimental investigation on structure, magnetic and conductive properties of conjugated n-containing oligomers. Other. Université de Haute Alsace - Mulhouse, 2010. Bulgarian. ⟨NNT : 2010MULH3503⟩. ⟨tel-00666174⟩

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