Abstract : The Rubens's paintings are haunted by myths and allegories linked with the eye and the urge. In all these fantastical stories, the male desiring eye is a recurrent motif ; the woman's nudity is most of the time the main actress, exuberant or hidden, made of light or dark side. Authorized women or forbidden fantasy, sister of Apollon or Dionysos. The baroque eye fathers that kind of look, between these two poles, two twin visions, hesitating between an extreme pleasure to see and an extreme pain to have seen. Yes the erotic is often a secret body, sweet, quiet or a forbidden sight which teach us that the death is prowling around the voyeurs. Narcissus and his reflection ; Orpheus in the darkness of the underworld, desperatly looking for Eurydice ; Venus, Diana or Bethseba and their cohort of lovers ; Acteon, his erotic vision and his macabre metamorphosis ; Medusa, the horrifying goddess and her petrifying eye ; Pan, Cyclope and their cannibal look ; the satyr and his eye full of concupiscence ; Psyche and her sweet vision ; the quiet and nude nymph, watched by her timid lover... All those myths incarnate the ambivalence of the eye, the metamorphosis of the artist's look, the ambiguity of your own eye, of course, in front of the painted image. The aesthetic analysis of the desiring eye in Rubens's works needs differents approaches, like complementary visions : pictorial, historic, poetic, literary, psychoanalytical, with, when it is powerfull and fertile, the intrusions of others painters and poets, from the italian renaissance to the modern and contemporary aesthetic.