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Stockage de chaleur inter-saisonnier par voie thermochimique pour le chauffage solaire de la maison individuelle

Abstract : The combined efforts promoting an improved insulation and a growth of renewable energies use in buildings play a key role in the road towards greenhouse gas reduction and better energy efficiency. This thesis purpose is to develop a chemicalbased thermal energy storage system devoted to solar space heating of single-family houses. A specific heat storage material has thus been created, made of zeolite and magnesium sulphate. The storage principle, based on a hybrid phenomenon between water vapour physical adsorption and chemical hydration reaction, is seasonal : during the summer, the material stores heat obtained from evacuated tube solar collectors using an endothermic dehydration reaction ; the stored heat is released by rehydration of the material during the winter to produce hot air dedicated to space heating. After a state of the art regarding thermal energy storage technologies, a preparation method is set up. Then, characterization studies of this innovative composite material have been performed, at both micro- and macroscopic scales. Thanks to the macroscopic experimental data, the system size is estimated to meet the space heating energy demand of a low energy single-family house. Afterwards, a thermochemical storage model is developed to understand the coupled heat and mass transfer occurring in the composite sorbent bed, and consequently optimize the reactor design. The model relevancy is finally discussed with respect to experimental results.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 2, 2012 - 1:17:53 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 8, 2020 - 12:42:49 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00665612, version 1


Stéphanie Hongois. Stockage de chaleur inter-saisonnier par voie thermochimique pour le chauffage solaire de la maison individuelle. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. INSA de Lyon, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ISAL0033⟩. ⟨tel-00665612⟩



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