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Dissection des interactions entre les composants du système de sécrétion de type II chez la bacterie phytopathogène Erwinia chrysanthemi (Dickeya dadantii)

Abstract : The type II secretion system (T2SS) is widely used to secrete toxins and lytic enzymes by animal and plant pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria. The phytopathogen bacterium Erwinia chrysanthemi secretes several pectinases by the T2SS called Out and causes soft rot disease. The exoproteins cross the cytoplasmic membrane either by the Sec or Tat systems. Once in the periplasm, the folded exoproteins are translocated across the outer membrane by the T2S machinery. The Out system is composed of 14 proteins integrated in or associated with the two bacterial membranes. The molecular organization and the mode of action of the T2SS remain unclear. Several components of this T2SS, OutC, -L, -M, -F and -E, are thought to form a platform in the inner membrane OutC, -Land -M are bitopic inne membrane but their stoichiometry and role in secretion are unknown. We used a bacterial two-hybrid system to detect protein interactions We have shawn that the ferredoxin-like domain at the C-terminus of OutL and OutM allows homo- and - heterodimerization of these proteins. An interaction between OutC and OutD periplasmic regions has been detected (Login et al., 201 0). Three-hybrid has been performed and our results suggest that OutL would destabilize the interaction between OutC and OutD. Also, OutL is implicated in the activation of ATPase OutE, which is thought to be the motor of the system (Cam berg et al., 2007). Thus, OutL could be implicated in the signal transduction from periplasme to cytoplasm and could dissociate the OutC/ OutD complex. To analyse protein-protein interactions within bacterial membranes, we developed a system specially adapted from the bacterial two-hybrid. One of the sub-domain of Cya has been fused to the N-terminus of TMS and BlaM to the C-terminus. Correct topology of fusions can be controlled using BlaM properties. B using this assay znd site-directed mutagenesis, we detected multiple bi-partner interactions between the TMS of OutC, OutL and OutM.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 2, 2012 - 11:50:52 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00665584, version 1

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Mathilde Lallemand. Dissection des interactions entre les composants du système de sécrétion de type II chez la bacterie phytopathogène Erwinia chrysanthemi (Dickeya dadantii). Sciences agricoles. INSA de Lyon, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ISAL0001⟩. ⟨tel-00665584⟩

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