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Amibes libres de l’environnement : résistance aux traitements de désinfection et interactions avec les Chlamydiales

Abstract : Acanthamoebae are ubiquitous amoebae responsible for several infections, mostly amoebic keratitis. They are also resistant to numerous disinfection treatments, as well under their free shape (trophozoite ) as under their encysted shape. Most of the available data of efficiency estimated biocides used for the disinfection of the drinking water and\or the contact lenses, but few data are available concerning the treatment of surfaces or medical devices. These amoebae are also capable of serving as reservoir for pathogenic bacteria, in particular for new species of Chlamydia named " Chlamydia-like ". These new bacteria recently discovered are potentially responsible for respiratory infections and miscarriages. Despite their importance, only few data are available concerning the survival and the resistance to biocides. The objective of this work was at first time to evaluate the resistance of amoebae to disinfection treatments, as well for the trophozoites as for the cysts. Secondly, we studied the survival and the resistance of Chlamydia-like to disinfection, as well as their interactions with amoebae and with various cellular lineages; Chlamydia trachomatis served as control in this second series of experiments. The methods of culture and encystement of trophozoites as well as the choice of selected strains turned out critical for the evaluation of biocides. Some treatments generally considered as effective treatments of disinfection against most of the microorganisms showed an efficiency limited towards the amoebic cysts as well as the trophozoites ( glutaraldehyde ). Chlamydia-like turned out capable of surviving in the environment during long periods but are globally sensitive to disinfectants. Some of these bacteria are also capable to surve in amoebal cysts, what can confer them a resistance increased towards biocides.
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Céline Coulon. Amibes libres de l’environnement : résistance aux traitements de désinfection et interactions avec les Chlamydiales. Sciences agricoles. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA114806⟩. ⟨tel-00665238⟩

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