La fabrique de l'alternance : la « démocratie participative » dans la recomposition du territoire régional, Poitou-Charentes 2004-2010

Abstract : In 2004, the Poitou-Charentes French region experienced its first political alternation. The new majority proclaimed its intention to transform local politics and displayed “participatory democracy” as a discriminating choice of public action methods. By analysing concomitantly the conditions of importation and mobilisation of political ideas and the process of negotiation, of mobilisation and of transaction which are taking place between the various actors involved in the production of public action, this works highlights the ideological, political and institutional dimensions of the making of the political alternation. The latter notion defines the process during which a newly-elected majority endeavours to make its political offer acknowledged as discriminating, to convert the institution to the new assigned objectives and to re-negotiate the identity, the resources and the value of the spokespersons of the regional territory. The new majority needs to work with and on these spokespersons, who had been promoted by the former political majority, in order to implement an action of transformation of the local society and assert its local political leadership. By comparing three ‘participatory’ devices ("high schools’ participatory budgets", "citizens' jury evaluating the ‘Transport and Mobility’ regional policy", and "participatory forum" on water issues), this work analyses how the regional framework, established around the policies run by the former political majority, are distorted and recomposed on the occasion of the implementation of these ‘participatory’ processes mobilizing a wide range of ordinary citizens. Thus, we show how these participatory tools are carriers and indicators of a re-definition of regional political style and categories of public intervention.
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Alice Mazeaud. La fabrique de l'alternance : la « démocratie participative » dans la recomposition du territoire régional, Poitou-Charentes 2004-2010. Science politique. Université de La Rochelle, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LAROD021⟩. ⟨tel-00665230⟩



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