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Synthèse et fonctionnalisation des nanocristaux émettant dans le proche infrarouge pour l'imagerie biologique

Abstract : This thesis concerns the development of near infrared (NIR) emitting InP/ZnS core/shell nanocrystals for biological imaging. In situ generated phosphine gas was used as the phosphorous precursor, indium myristate as the In precursor and 1-Ocadecene as the solvent to produce InP NCs with emission in the range of 720-750 nm. Growth of 1-2 monolayers of a ZnS shell on the surface of the InP NCs strongly improves their quantum yield. Next, we studied the phase transfer of the obtained InP/ZnS NCs to aqueous medium with various thiol group containing ligands. Emphasis is put on the colloidal stability and the retention of fluorescence quantum efficiency during the transfer. Zwitterionic ligands such as pencillaime and cysteine have been studied in view of their biological interest in providing compact size and reduced non-specific interaction with cells. The cytotoxicity of pencillamine capped InP/ZnS NCs has been evaluated in cell culture. The NIR emitting properties of the QDs have been exploited to their study bio-distribution in mice by fluorescence imaging. In addition, functionalisation of the InP/ZnS NCs with a cell penetrating peptide, with a MRI contrast agent (gadolinium complex) and with a controlled number of streptavidin molecules have been explored to demonstrate the large interest of InP/ZnS NCs in biology. Key words: Indium phosphide, quantum dots, near infrared fluorescence imaging, phase transfer, surface functionalisation
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Sudarsan Tamang. Synthèse et fonctionnalisation des nanocristaux émettant dans le proche infrarouge pour l'imagerie biologique. Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENV023⟩. ⟨tel-00665109⟩

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