La problématique de la laïcité à travers l'expérience du parti Baath en Syrie

Abstract : The question that this research examines consists of analysing, in the Syrian context, the ambiguity of policies of Baath party through the analysis of the operation and the behavior of the political regime Baathists concerning the question of secularity. It is a question of understanding how these modes succeed in giving the indication of a laic state whilst manipulating the communities and instrumentalising secularity in order to legitimize and perennialize their regime under pretext of working for national unity. Our goal is not to analyze the political system under the reign of Baath, but to understand the mechanisms used by this system to face problems involved in the question of secularity, namely the relationship with the state, the ethnic and religious communities, the islamist movements but also the rapport with the society. The temporal framework analyzes the period during which Baath party has been the significant political power in Syria, i.e. of 1963 to 2000 with a private interest for the period which extends from 1970 to 2000, period which corresponds to the rise of president Hafez Al-Asad to the capacity. The more particular interest carried at the period of president Hafez Al-Asad lies in the fact that it is characterized by a political stability, and by the will of a man (Hafez Al-Asad) to set up his own political orientation and own reading of the ideology Baathist and secularity. For improved understanding and when deemed relevant, key events of the origins of the Baath party in the 1940's have also been examined.
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Zakaria Taha. La problématique de la laïcité à travers l'expérience du parti Baath en Syrie. Science politique. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), 2012. Français. ⟨tel-00662853⟩

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