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Nanophotonique : guidage d'ondes sur des surfaces structurées

Abstract : Today, the world of telecommunications is booming and the number of services offered to the consumers rises from year to year. Current Technologies call for optics. The simple report of the number of " wireless " which is increasing allows bewaring of the importance of the microwaves in the whole world of modern communication technologies. This thesis is mainly in the same area. It presents tools of basic modeling to design and optimize surface waves guide that works in the field of microwaves. In the first chapter, simulation tools allowing to calculate the answer of diffraction by the metallic strip grating were developed. The rigorous methods which were adopted are the MMFE, CBCM and the C method which take into account the vector nature of the light.The difficulty in convergence of numerical calculations and the problem of discontinuity of the fields on the metallic strips are highlighted. In order to deal with these problems, the change of co-ordinates is proposed, it is the system of " adaptive co-ordinates " which makes it possible to tighten the lines of co-ordinates in the vicinity of the point of discontinuities. It results from it a reduction from the jump of discontinuity in these points and an improvement of the convergence of numerical calculations. In the second chapter, these methods are extended to the problem of diffraction in oblique,also called conical diffraction. In the third chapter, we have applied these methods to study and characterize the metallic strip grating deposited to a dielectric layer. We highlighted the phenomenon of resonance on the factors of reflexion and we could shown that these effects of resonances are due to the coupling of the surface of waves and of the incidence plane waves. So as to analyze the coupling results which exist between the modes we have studied the poles of the matrix S and determined the sensitivity and the influence of the optoelectronic parameters on the peak of resonance. This study made it possible to determine the triplet (height, fill Factor, the angle of polarization) relating to the structure so that the guide will be optimized.
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Faly Andrianandrasanirina Tinasoa. Nanophotonique : guidage d'ondes sur des surfaces structurées. Autre. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010CLF22097⟩. ⟨tel-00662447⟩

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